This tutorial outlines the tools and steps to develop a simple Java batch application and test it in a CICS Liberty JVM server environment using the WebSphere Liberty support for JSR-352. My previous article Java batch in CICS concepts introduces the concepts of Java batch and discusses how online and batch processing can co-exist to support true 24×7 operations.

Introduction

We will be using Eclipse, WebSphere Developer Tools (WDT), and CICS Explorer to develop the application, and CICS TS V5.3 with APAR PI63005 and a shared Job Repository in DB2 to test it. The batchManager utility and a REST client will then be used to submit the batch job and get the job status.

The test environment is outlined below:

You can see there are three CICS regions, each containing a Liberty JVM server. The batch dispatcher receives job requests from a clients and places them onto a message queue residing in the messaging engine. The messaging engine holds the queues for requests. The batch executor takes requests from the queue and runs them. You can easily expand the topology to have multiple batch executors which can select specific application requests from the queue and execute them.

To make the batch dispatcher and batch executor work with each other, you must set up a shared job repository using a persistent database. In this scenario I chose DB2 because you cannot use the default in-memory batch persistence as it isolates job information from other servers. Under the in-memory persistence mode, the batch executor cannot obtain job information written by the batch dispatcher, and thus cannot pick up a request from the messaging engine.

Developing your first batch application

I strongly recommend using the WebSphere Developer Tools (WDT) as it provides useful wizards to develop a Java batch application. Follow the article Getting started with WebSphere Developer Tools for Eclipse and Liberty to install it into a suitable development environment.

Another requirement is to install the CICS Explorer SDK into your Eclipse environment. If you don’t have this already installed, follow the guide on the Mainframe Development site.

      1. With WDT and CICS Explorer SDK installed into your development environment, you can download and install the Liberty Java EE batch feature via the WebSphere Software Installer. In Eclipse click Menu → Help → Install WebSphere Software….
      2. Find the IBM Java EE Batch feature and click Install. You will need to re-start Eclipse after the installation.
      3. To create your first Java batch application, select File → New → Other…. Under Wizards find and select Java EE Batch Project → Next.
      4. Name your first batch project and add the batch project to a Dynamic Web project. Click on New… if you need to create a new Dynamic Web project now, otherwise select an existing one. You will deploy the web project to CICS Liberty later.
      5. Now you should have two new projects, a batch project and a web project visible in the Project Explorer. As this example uses both batch APIs and CICS APIs, you need to add the CICS & Liberty Java libraries to the build path. Right click your batch project, then Build Path → Configure Build Path… Switch to the Library tab, then Add Library… Select Liberty JVM server libraries, and then Next.
      6. Select CICS TS 5.3 ‚Üí Finish.
      7. You are now in a position to write your batch logic. In this example, we provide a simple batchlet to print the CICS task number. The batchlet is a task-oriented batch step type that can be used for any type of background processing that does not explicitly call for a chunk oriented approach. This batch pattern is invoked once, runs to completion, and returns an exit status. If you want to use this batchlet source, first create a package com.ibm.cics.javaee7.batch and then create a class called simpleBatchlet.java under the new created package.
      8. Source code for batchlet sample

        package com.ibm.cics.javaee7.batch;
        import javax.batch.api.AbstractBatchlet;
        import com.ibm.cics.server.Task;
        
        /**
         * The batchlet is referenced by simpleBatch.xml and is expected to run in CICS Liberty.
         */
        public class simpleBatchlet extends AbstractBatchlet
        {
           @Override
           public String process() throws Exception
           {
              // Get current task number and output to STDOUT
              int myTask = Task.getTask().getTaskNumber();
              System.out.println("BATCHLET is running on a CICS enabled thread with task number " + myTask);
              return null;
           }
        }
        

         

      9. Now create a batch job to define the structure of your batch. Right click batch-jobs under src/META-INF → New → Other… → Batch Job. Name the new batch job simpleBatchlet.
      10. Use the JSL Editor to add a batchlet step to the job first, then add a batchlet to the step, and make¬†the batchlet refer to the simpleBatchlet class you just created. JSL is an abbreviation for Job Specification Language and is implemented in XML. Declare the specification of the job and the steps contained in the job. You now have the ‚ÄúJob XML‚ÄĚ.
      11.  

        JSL sample source

        <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8">;
        <job xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee" xsi:schemaLocation="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee/jobXML_1_0.xsd" id="simpleBatchlet" restartable="true" version="1.0">
        	<step id="batchletStep">
        		<batchlet ref="com.ibm.cics.javaee7.batch.simpleBatchlet" />
        	</step>
        /job>
        

        Your first batch application is ready for deployment. From the Dynamic Web project that includes your batch project, export the web project as a WAR file, and transfer the WAR to a directory in your z/OS UNIX File System (zFS). Alternatively you can deploy the application in a CICS bundle by including the web project in a CICS bundle project, using the export bundle project wizard, and defining and installing a corresponding CICS bundle definition.

      Batch samples in Github

      If you want to try other samples before developing your own, then take a look at those in WASDev Github. There are two very good samples:

      Create batch persistence tables in DB2 as a shared repository

      Java batch uses a persistent store to keep the status, checkpoints, and batch application restart data across multiple runs of a batch job. The persistent store enables a job instance to be restarted if an earlier run fails.

      There are two types of persistence configuration: memory-based persistence and database persistence. For a multiple server topology, database persistence is required. For more information, you can refer to IBM Knowledge Center Java batch persistence configuration.

      To configure the database persistence follow these steps. First, use Liberty supplied ddlGen utility to generate the Data Definition Language (DDL) as described in topic Running the ddlGen utility. Next you may need to customise the DDL before using it with your database to create the tables. For example, if you use DB2 for z/OS, you will need to define a LOB (Large Object) table space as well as indexes. If necessary, seek the help of your database administrator. For a full example see my java-batch-ddl-example but note later versions of ddlGen may generate different tables so only use this example for information only.

      Set up a CICS region as the messaging engine server

      Define and install a Liberty JVM server in the ‚ÄúMessaging Engine‚ÄĚ CICS region. Locate the server.xml of the Liberty server on the z/OS Unix file system, typically in the subdirectory wlp/usr/servers/defaultServer. Edit server.xml to enable the Liberty embedded JMS server as follows:

          1. Add the <wasJmsServer-1.0> element to the <featureManager> element.
            <feature>wasJmsServer-1.0</feature>
          2. Add the <wasJmsEndpoint> element to define JMS endport with a non-SSL port or an SSL port. The Batch dispatcher and batch executor will use these ports to put and get messages from the JMS queue.
            <wasJmsEndpoint enabled="true" host="*" id="InboundJmsEndpoint" wasJmsPort="7280" wasJmsSSLPort="7290">
            </wasJmsEndpoint>
          3. Add <MesagingEngine> element to configure a message engine for the batch queue.
            <messagingEngine>
               <queue forceReliability="ReliablePersistent" id="batchLibertyQueue" receiveAllowed="true"/>
            </messagingEngine>
          4. Review STDOUT log of the JVM server to check the messaging engine starts ok. STDOUT is configured in your JVM profile. Eclipse view “z/OS UNIX Files” is a good way to list, view and edit zFS files.
            [INFO    ] CWWKO0219I: TCP Channel InboundJmsEndpoint has been started and is now listening for requests on host *  (IPv6) port 7280.
            [INFO    ] CWWKO0219I: TCP Channel InboundJmsEndpoint-ssl has been started and is now listening for requests on host *  (IPv6) port 7290.
            [INFO    ] CWSID0108I: JMS server has started.

      Set up a CICS region as the batch dispatcher

      Define and install a Liberty JVM server in the “Dispatcher” CICS region, then make the following changes to server.xml:

          1. Add the wasJmsClient-2.0 feature within the <featureManager> element to enable the dispatcher as a JMS client.
            <feature>wasJmsClient-2.0</feature>
          2. Add the <batchJmsDispatcher> element to refer to a connectionFactory and a queue so that the dispatcher can put a message to a connected queue once it receives a batch request.
            <batchJmsDispatcher connectionFactoryRef="batchConnectionFactory" queueRef="batchJobSubmissionQueue"/>
          3. Add the <jmsConnectionFactory> element with a jndiName of jms/batch/connectionFactory and with the remoteServerAddress property to point the JMS endpoint.
            <jmsConnectionFactory id="batchConnectionFactory" jndiName="jms/batch/connectionFactory">
               <properties.wasJms remoteServerAddress="winmvs2c.hursley.ibm.com:7280:BootstrapBasicMessaging"/>
            </jmsConnectionFactory>
          4. Add the <jmsQueue> element with a jndiName of jms/batch/jobSubmissionQueue and name a proper queueName. The queueName is used by the batch executor to get messages.
            <jmsQueue id="batchJobSubmissionQueue" jndiName="jms/batch/jobSubmissionQueue">
               <properties.wasJms deliveryMode="Persistent" queueName="batchLibertyQueue"/>
            </jmsQueue>
          5. Add the batchManagement-1.0 feature under the <featureManager> element to enable Liberty batch management functions including batch REST API, multi-server support and batchManager command line interface.
            <feature>batchManagement-1.0</feature>
          6. Add the <batchPersistence> element to configure the job repository that resides in DB2. You need to change the schema, databaseName, portNumber, and serverName based on your DB2 configuration.
            <batchPersistence jobStoreRef="BatchDatabaseStore"/>
            <databaseStore dataSourceRef="batchDB" id="BatchDatabaseStore" schema="++schema++" tablePrefix=""/>
            <dataSource id="batchDB" jndiName="jdbc/batch">
               <jdbcDriver>
                  <library name="DB2LIB">
                     <fileset dir="/usr/lpp/db2v11/jdbc/classes" includes="db2jcc4.jar db2jcc_license_cisuz.jar"/>
                     <fileset dir="/usr/lpp/db2v11/jdbc/lib"/>
                  </library>
               </jdbcDriver>
               <properties.db2.jcc currentSchema="++schema++" databaseName="++database++" driverType="4" password="xxxxxxxx" portNumber="++db2port++" serverName="++serverHost++" user="xxxxxxxx"/>
            </dataSource>
            
          7. Add a basicRegistry and enable batch roles. It is recommended you use the SAF registry and SAF authorisation for production systems. For more information on securing Liberty batch, refer to topic Securing the Liberty batch environment.
            <basicRegistry id="basic" realm="ibm/api">
               <user name="bob" password="bobpwd"/>
               <user name="jane" password="janepwd"/>
            </basicRegistry>
            
            <authorization-roles id="com.ibm.ws.batch">
               <security-role name="batchAdmin">
                  <user name="bob"/>
               </security-role>
            </authorization-roles>
          8. Review STDOUT log of the JVM server to ensure the batch JPA persistence service is activated and the batch web module ibm/api is started. If batch JPA persistence was not activated and in-memory persistence was enabled instead, it indicates a problem with your batch database configuration.
            [INFO    ] CWWKY0005I: The batch JPA persistence service is activated.
            [INFO    ] CWWKY0008I: The batch feature is using persistence type JPA.
            …
            [INFO    ] SRVE0169I: Loading Web Module: ibm/api.
            [INFO    ] SRVE0250I: Web Module ibm/api has been bound to default_host.
            [AUDIT   ] CWWKT0016I: Web application available (default_host): http://winmvs2c.hursley.ibm.com:22805/ibm/api/

      Set up a CICS region as the batch executor

      Define and install a Liberty JVM server in the CICS region, then locate the server.xml configuration file for the Liberty server and edit it as follows:

          1. Define your batch application by adding the <webApplication> element with the z/OS file system location of your war file.
            <webApplication id="MyFirstCicsJavaBatchWAR" location="/your_zFS_application_directory/MyFirstCicsJavaBatchWAR.war" name="MyFirstCicsJavaBatchWAR"/>
          2. Add the wasJmsClient-2.0 feature under the <featureManager> element to enable the executor as a JMS client.
            <feature>wasJmsClient-2.0</feature>
          3. Add the <batchJmsExecutor> element to refer to an activation specification and a queue.
            <batchJmsExecutor activationSpecRef="batchActivationSpec" queueRef="batchRequestsQueue"/>
          4. Add the <jmsActivationSpec> element to specify how to activate the batch application as a result of the messages on the JMS queue. You need to give a correct application name for the “messageSelector” attribute and specify the JMS endpoint you set up for messaging engine server for “remoteServerAddress”. If you don’t use the sample application provided in this tutorial, remember to specify your application name, otherwise you will receive a “JMS_QUEUED” response when invoking your batch application from the dispatcher.
            <jmsActivationSpec id="batchActivationSpec" maxEndpoints="5">
               <properties.wasJms destinationRef="batchRequestsQueue" destinationType="javax.jms.Queue" messageSelector="com_ibm_ws_batch_applicationName = 'MyFirstCicsJavaBatchWAR'" remoteServerAddress="winmvs2c.hursley.ibm.com:7280:BootstrapBasicMessaging">
               </properties.wasJms>
            </jmsActivationSpec>
          5. Add element <jmsQueue> with a jndiName jms/batch/jobSubmissionQueue and with the same queueName you specified for the dispatcher server. Now you should be able to understand how Java batch splits the workload. The dispatcher routes batch requests to a message queue, and then executors listen to a certain queue for the request. Once a request message is put onto the queue, the application is invoked by the executor.
            <jmsQueue id="batchRequestsQueue" jndiName="jms/batch/jobSubmissionQueue">
               <properties.wasJms deliveryMode="Persistent" queueName="batchLibertyQueue"/>
            </jmsQueue>
          6. Add the batchManagement-1.0 feature under the <featureManager> element to enable Liberty batch management functions. Here we need multi-server support from this feature.
            <feature>batchManagement-1.0</feature>
          7. Add the element to configure the job repository that resides in DB2. You need to change the schema/databaseName/portNumber/serverName based on your DB2 configuration.
            <batchPersistence jobStoreRef="BatchDatabaseStore"/>
            <databaseStore dataSourceRef="batchDB" id="BatchDatabaseStore" schema="++schema++" tablePrefix=""/>
            <dataSource id="batchDB" jndiName="jdbc/batch">
               <jdbcDriver>
                  <library name="DB2LIB">
                     <fileset dir="/usr/lpp/db2v11/jdbc/classes" includes="db2jcc4.jar db2jcc_license_cisuz.jar"/>
                     <fileset dir="/usr/lpp/db2v11/jdbc/lib"/>
                  </library>
               </jdbcDriver>
               <properties.db2.jcc currentSchema="++schema++" databaseName="++database++" driverType="4" password="xxxxxxxx" portNumber="++db2port++" serverName="++serverHost++" user="xxxxxxxx"/>
            </dataSource>
            
          8. Add a basicRegistry and enable the batch roles shown below. It is recommended to use a SAF registry for authorisation in production. For more information on securing Liberty batch, refer to topic Securing the Liberty batch environment.
            <basicRegistry id="basic" realm="ibm/api">
               <user name="bob" password="bobpwd"/>
               <user name="jane" password="janepwd"/>
            </basicRegistry>
            
            <authorization-roles id="com.ibm.ws.batch">
               <security-role name="batchAdmin">
                  <user name="bob"/>
               </security-role>
            </authorization-roles>
          9. Review STDOUT log of the JVM server to check the batch JPA persistence service is activated, the batch application MyFirstCicsJavaBatchWAR is installed, and the message endpoint is activated.
            [INFO    ] CWWKY0005I: The batch JPA persistence service is activated.
            [INFO    ] CWWKY0008I: The batch feature is using persistence type JPA.
            …
            [INFO    ] CWWKZ0018I: Starting application MyFirstCicsJavaBatchWAR.
            [INFO    ] SRVE0169I: Loading Web Module: MyFirstCicsJavaBatchWAR.
            [INFO    ] SRVE0250I: Web Module MyFirstCicsJavaBatchWAR has been bound to default_host.
            [AUDIT   ] CWWKT0016I: Web application available (default_host): http://winmvs2c.hursley.ibm.com:22807/MyFirstCicsJavaBatchWAR/
            [AUDIT   ] CWWKZ0001I: Application MyFirstCicsJavaBatchWAR started in 0.076 seconds.
            …
            [INFO    ] J2CA8804I: The message endpoint for activation specification batchActivationSpec and message driven bean application JBatchListenerApp#JBatchListenerModule#JBatchListenerComp is deactivated.
            [INFO    ] CWSIV0777I: A connection to messaging engine defaultME for destination batchLibertyQueue on bus defaultBus has been successfully created.
            [INFO    ] CWSIV0556I: Connection to the Messaging Engine was successful. The message-driven bean with activation specification batchActivationSpec will now be able to receive the messages from destination batchLibertyQueue.
            [INFO    ] J2CA8801I: The message endpoint for activation specification batchActivationSpec and message driven bean application JBatchListenerApp#JBatchListenerModule#JBatchListenerComp is activated.
            [INFO    ] J2CA8804I: The message endpoint for activation specification batchActivationSpec and message driven bean application JBatchListenerApp#JBatchListenerModule#JBatchListenerComp is deactivated.
            [INFO    ] CWSIV0777I: A connection to messaging engine defaultME for destination batchLibertyQueue on bus defaultBus has been successfully created.
            [INFO    ] CWSIV0556I: Connection to the Messaging Engine was successful. The message-driven bean with activation specification batchActivationSpec will now be able to receive the messages from destination batchLibertyQueue.
            [INFO    ] J2CA8801I: The message endpoint for activation specification batchActivationSpec and message driven bean application JBatchListenerApp#JBatchListenerModule#JBatchListenerComp is activated.
            [AUDIT   ] CWWKG0017I: The server configuration was successfully updated in 0.079 seconds.

      Submit a job request to the batch dispatcher

      The batchManagement-1.0 feature provides several methods to access information about batch jobs. Here we will show two methods; the first uses a REST client to submit JSON, and the second uses a telnet client and the batchManager utility.

      Using a REST client to submit and monitor jobs

          1. Install the RESTClient addon in to your Firefox browser.
          2. In a Firefox new tab, enter the URL https://<host>:<secure_port>/ibm/api/batch/jobinstances/ replacing <host> and <secure_port> with those of the dispatcher server.
          3. Accept the security challenge.
          4. You will be prompted for an ID and password – use bob and bobpwd as was defined in the basicRegistry in this example. The user bob was also defined in batchAdmin.
          5. As you have not submitted a job request yet, the response in JSON format will be an empty array ‚Äú[]‚ÄĚ.
          6. Now you can submit your first batch request. Open the RESTClient installed in previous step.
          7. Set Method to POST, and input the URL as step 2.
          8. You should see a 201 HTTP response.
          9. Re-submit another GET request from step 2, and you should see the batch status. Note: if the batchStatus stays in JMS_QUEUED, it means batch executor has not picked up the request for the application. Check whether you specified the correct name in server.xml for the batch executor. Another possible reason is that the batch executor cannot retrieve batch information from the shared repository in DB2. Check the Liberty log and trace for further problem determination.
          10. Review STDOUT log of the JVM server for batch executor Liberty server and you should be able to see the batchlet was executed in a CICS task.
            [INFO    ] SESN0176I: A new session context will be created for application key default_host/ibm/api
            [INFO    ] SESN0172I: The session manager is using the Java default SecureRandom implementation for session ID generation.
            [INFO    ] DYNA1056I: Dynamic Cache (object cache) initialized successfully.
            [INFO    ] J2CA8050I: An authentication alias should be used instead of defining a user name and password on dataSource[batchDB].
            [INFO    ] DSRA8203I: Database product name : DB2
            [INFO    ] DSRA8204I: Database product version : DSN11015
            [INFO    ] DSRA8205I: JDBC driver name  : IBM Data Server Driver for JDBC and SQLJ
            [INFO    ] DSRA8206I: JDBC driver version  : 4.19.56
            [INFO    ] SESN0176I: A new session context will be created for application key default_host/MyFirstCicsJavaBatchWAR
            [INFO    ] SESN0172I: The session manager is using the Java default SecureRandom implementation for session ID generation.
            BATCHLET is working on a CICS enabled thread with task number 78

      Using the batchManager utility to submit and monitor jobs

          1. Logon to USS using a secure shell or OMVS.
          2. Export JAVA_HOME to your JDK installation directory.
          3. Change directory to <WORK_DIR>/<APPLID>/<JVMSERVER> where WORK_DIR is specified in your JVM profile, APPLID is the value of the CICS region APPLID and JVMSERVER is the name of the JVMSERVER resource. You should be able to see a script called wlpenv.
          4. Run the following command:
            ./wlpenv batchManager submit --batchManager=<host>:<port>  --trustSslCertificates
             --user=bob --password=bobpwd --applicationName= MyFirstCicsJavaBatchWAR --jobXMLName=simpleBatchlet.xml --wait

            In the command above, –wait is used so the command will wait until the job completes. You should be able to see the following response.

            [2016/09/08 11:23:49.959 +0100] CWWKY0101I: Job (NOT SET) with instance ID 2 has been submitted.
            [2016/09/08 11:23:49.960 +0100] CWWKY0106I: JobInstance:{"jobName":"(NOT SET)","instanceId":2,"appName":"MyFirstCicsJavaBatchWAR#MyFirstCicsJavaBatchWAR.war","submitter":"bob","batchStatus":"STARTING","jobXMLName":"simpleBatchlet.xml","instanceState":"JMS_QUEUED"}
            [2016/09/08 11:24:20.244 +0100] CWWKY0105I: Job (NOT SET) with instance ID 2 has finished. Batch status: COMPLETED. Exit status: COMPLETED
            [2016/09/08 11:24:20.245 +0100] CWWKY0107I: JobExecution:{"jobName":"simpleBatchlet","executionId":2,"instanceId":2,"batchStatus":"COMPLETED","exitStatus":"COMPLETED","createTime":"2016/09/08 10:23:49.874 +0000","endTime":"2016/09/08 10:23:50.372 +0000","lastUpdatedTime":"2016/09/08 10:23:50.372 +0000","startTime":"2016/09/08 10:23:50.267 +0000","jobParameters":{},"restUrl":"https://winmvs2c.hursley.ibm.com:22808/ibm/api/batch","serverId":"localhost//u/evancho/demeter/workdir/IYK2ZLS3/BATCHEX1/wlp/usr/evandev","logpath":"/u/evancho/demeter/workdir/IYK2ZLS3/BATCHEX1/wlp/user/servers/evandev/logs/joblogs/simpleBatchlet/2016-09-08/instance.2/execution.2/","stepExecutions":[{"stepExecutionId":2,"stepName":"batchletStep","batchStatus":"COMPLETED","exitStatus":"COMPLETED","stepExecution":"https://winmvs2c.hursley.ibm.com:22806/ibm/api/batch/jobexecutions/2/stepexecutions/batchletStep"}]}
          5. Run the following command to list existing jobs:
            ./wlpenv batchManager listJobs --batchManager=<host>:<port>  --trustSslCertificates
             --user=bob --password=bobpwd

            You should see that two jobs completed, one was submitted by REST client, and the second one was submitted via batchManager utility.

            [2016/09/08 11:28:26.345 +0100] CWWKY0106I: JobInstance:{"jobName":"simpleBatchlet","instanceId":2,"appName":"MyFirstCicsJavaBatchWAR#MyFirstCicsJavaBatchWAR.war","submitter":"bob","batchStatus":"COMPLETED","jobXMLName":"simpleBatchlet.xml","instanceState":"COMPLETED"}
            [2016/09/08 11:28:26.345 +0100] CWWKY0106I: JobInstance:{"jobName":"simpleBatchlet","instanceId":1,"appName":"MyFirstCicsJavaBatchWAR#MyFirstCicsJavaBatchWAR.war","submitter":"bob","batchStatus":"COMPLETED","jobXMLName":"simpleBatchlet.xml","instanceState":"COMPLETED"}
          6. Send a GET request from your Firefox and you should see the same result.
          7. The batchManagement-1.0 feature provides a mechanism for writing job logs to a separate location and file from the standard server output location. The logs are stored under ///wlp.SERVERNAME.logs/joblogs where WORKDIR is specified in your JVM profile, APPLID is the value of the CICS region APPLID, JVMSERVER is the name of the JVMSERVER resource and SERVERNAME is also specified in your JVM profile as defined by -Dcom.ibm.cics.jvmserver.wlp.server.name. Here is an example of my joblogs directory. My executor region APPLID is IYK2ZLS3 and JVMSERVER resource name is BATCHEX1. My wlp server name is evandev.
          8. The log file contains detailed logging information from com.ibm.jbatch.container.*, and you will see something like this:
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:255 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeJobExecution    updateExecutionJobLogDir ENTRY /u/evancho/demeter/workdir/IYK2ZLS3/BATCHEX1/wlp/user/servers/evandev/logs/joblogs/simpleBatchlet/2016-09-08/instance.2/execution.2/
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:255 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   getPersistenceManagerService ENTRY
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:255 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.servicesmanager.ServicesManagerImpl   getPersistenceManagerService ENTRY
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:255 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.servicesmanager.ServicesManagerImpl   getPersistenceManagerService RETURN com.ibm.jbatch.container.services.impl.JPAPersistenceManagerImpl@343906e5
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:255 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   getPersistenceManagerService RETURN com.ibm.jbatch.container.services.impl.JPAPersistenceManagerImpl@343906e5
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:255 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   getTopLevelExecutionId ENTRY
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:255 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   getTopLevelExecutionId RETURN 2
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:255 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.services.impl.JPAPersistenceManager   updateJobExecutionLogDir ENTRY 2 /u/evancho/demeter/workdir/IYK2ZLS3/BATCHEX1/wlp/user/servers/evandev/logs/joblogs/simpleBatchlet/2016-09-08/instance.2/execution.2/
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:255 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.services.impl.JPAPersistenceManager   getPsu ENTRY
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:255 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.services.impl.JPAPersistenceManager   getPsu RETURN com.ibm.wsspi.persistence.internal.PersistenceServiceUnitImpl@f2cbd293
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:256 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.services.impl.JPAPersistenceManager   Suspending current LTC and beginning new transaction
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:262 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.services.impl.JPAPersistenceManager   Committing new transaction we started.
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:266 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.services.impl.JPAPersistenceManager   updateJobExecutionLogDir RETURN From JobThreadExecutionBase: batchStatus = STARTING, exitStatus = null, restUrl = https://winmvs2c.hursley.ibm.com:22808/ibm/api/batch, logpath = /u/evancho/demeter/workdir/IYK2ZLS3/BATCHEX1/wlp/user/servers/evandev/logs/joblogs/simpleBatchlet/2016-09-08/instance.2/execution.2/, serverId = localhost//u/evancho/demeter/workdir/IYK2ZLS3/BATCHEX1/wlp/usr/evandev
            For JobExecutionEntity: execution Id = 2, execution sequence num = 0, instance = For JobInstanceEntity:  instanceId = 2, batchStatus = STARTING
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:266 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeJobExecution    updateExecutionJobLogDir RETURN
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:266 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   logExecutionStartingMessage ENTRY
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:266 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   getTopLevelNameInstanceExecutionInfo ENTRY
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:266 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   getTopLevelNameInstanceExecutionInfo RETURN TopLevelNameIntanceExecutionInfo:jobName=simpleBatchlet:instanceId=2:executionId=2
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:266 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   getTopLevelNameInstanceExecutionInfo ENTRY
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:266 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   getTopLevelNameInstanceExecutionInfo RETURN TopLevelNameIntanceExecutionInfo:jobName=simpleBatchlet:instanceId=2:executionId=2
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:266 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   getTopLevelNameInstanceExecutionInfo ENTRY
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:266 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   getTopLevelNameInstanceExecutionInfo RETURN TopLevelNameIntanceExecutionInfo:jobName=simpleBatchlet:instanceId=2:executionId=2
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:266 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   getTopLevelNameInstanceExecutionInfo ENTRY
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:266 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   getTopLevelNameInstanceExecutionInfo RETURN TopLevelNameIntanceExecutionInfo:jobName=simpleBatchlet:instanceId=2:executionId=2
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:266 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeJobExecution    getClassNameLogger ENTRY
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:266 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeJobExecution    getClassNameLogger RETURN com.ibm.ws.logging.internal.WsLogger@130f7c70
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:267 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeJobExecution    
            ==========================================================
            Started invoking execution for a job
             JobInstance id = 2
             JobExecution id = 2
             Job Name = simpleBatchlet
             Job Parameters = {}
            ==========================================================
            ...
            ==========================================================
            Completed invoking execution for a job
             JobInstance id = 2
             JobExecution id = 2
             Job Name = simpleBatchlet
             Job Parameters = {}
             Job Batch Status = COMPLETED, Job Exit Status = COMPLETED
            ==========================================================
            
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:383 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   logExecutionCompletedMessage RETURN
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:384 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.impl.BatchKernelImpl                  workUnitCompleted ENTRY com.ibm.jbatch.container.util.BatchJobWorkUnit@6f0dec23
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:384 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   getTopLevelNameInstanceExecutionInfo ENTRY
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:384 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   getTopLevelNameInstanceExecutionInfo RETURN TopLevelNameIntanceExecutionInfo:jobName=simpleBatchlet:instanceId=2:executionId=2
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:384 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   getTopLevelExecutionId ENTRY
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:384 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   getTopLevelExecutionId RETURN 2
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:384 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.impl.BatchKernelImpl                  job completed: For jobExecId = 2, removed job work unit
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:384 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.impl.BatchKernelImpl                  workUnitCompleted RETURN
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:384 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   getTopLevelNameInstanceExecutionInfo ENTRY
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:384 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   getTopLevelNameInstanceExecutionInfo RETURN TopLevelNameIntanceExecutionInfo:jobName=simpleBatchlet:instanceId=2:executionId=2
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:384 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   getTopLevelNameInstanceExecutionInfo ENTRY
            [9/8/16 10:23:50:384 GMT] com.ibm.jbatch.container.execution.impl.RuntimeWorkUnitExecu   getTopLevelNameInstanceExecutionInfo RETURN TopLevelNameIntanceExecutionInfo:jobName=simpleBatchlet:instanceId=2:executionId=2
            

      Summary

      In this tutorial, we developed a simple batch application using WebSphere Developer Tools (WDT) and used a batchlet to print the CICS task number. We packaged the batch application as a WAR file and deployed it into a server called a batch executor.

      The topology used was a configuration of three CICS regions: one as a messaging engine using the Liberty embedded JMS messaging provider with a batch queue, one as batch dispatcher to receive requests and to dispatch requests by putting a message on the queue, and one as a batch executor to listen for requests and execute them in the deployed batch application. In a production environment it would be usual to have multiple executors splitting the batch workload based on the application. You could choose to combine the messaging engine server and dispatcher, at the expense of the single dispatcher server becoming a single point of failure. However, a more robust structure would to have two or even more dispatchers as a parallel to CICS and multiple TORs.

      To support multi-servers, Java batch persistence in a database is a must and the tables need be shared by servers. You also need to enable the batchManagement-1.0 feature in both the dispatcher and the executor. This feature implicitly includes the batch-1.0 feature. If you find requests are “JMS_QUEUED”, it means the batch executor server cannot pick up the requests from the batch queue. Possible reasons are:

            • The batch executor server is not connecting with the JMS endpoint.
            • The batch executor server specifies a mismatched application name.
            • The batch executor server cannot read shared job information from the job repository.

      To conclude, we showed two main methods of invoking batch: the batchManager utility from USS, and a REST interface from a REST client. The batch request is submitted under user bob – defined in the role of batchAdmin. Both requests were correctly handled and completed successfully. So what will happen if you submit a request under user Jane? Try it ūüôā


       

      References

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