With the Tealeaf Android SDK, you instrument your native and hybrid Android applications for logging and analysis. It captures device context and user activity, so you can monitor and evaluate the performance of your applications.
The Android SDK was designed for simple implementation: it uses standard Android classes and user interface controls to track user interface events and minimizes the impact on your application’s performance. Even without the framework, Tealeaf can monitor the traffic between your application and your server. With the framework, you get unprecedented insight into the performance of your application.
Requirements for android environments
To develop Android applications with the Android SDK, follow these system and software requirements:
- API level 16 to 26
- Supports the latest version of Android Studio
- Sample configuration in gradle file: build.gradle
- Consult the Google Android Dev Center for the latest Android technical documentation and tools
- IBM Tealeaf client frameworks do not support forwarding of application data to third-party systems. Application data must be forwarded to the server that hosts the native application.
Supported operating systems
- Windows XP (32-bit), Vista (32- or 64-bit), or Windows 7 (32- or 64-bit)
- Mac OS X 10.5.8 or later (x86 only)
- Linux (tested on Ubuntu Linux, Lucid Lynx)
- GNU C Library (glibc) 2.7 or later is required
- On Ubuntu Linux, version 8.04 or later is required
- 64-bit distributions must be able to run 32-bit applications. For more information about how to add support for 32-bit applications, see the Ubuntu Linux installation notes.
The SDK can be integrated with Android apps developed with the following frameworks.
IBM Tealeaf Android package contents
There are five folders created for the Tealeaf Android release that can be found on github, here: https://github.com/ibm-watson-cxa/SDK_Tools/tree/master/SDKPackages/tealeaf/android
- AndroidImageCaptureTool folder – Tool used to collect embedded images for Native Replay.
- EOCore folder – Contains base jar and aar library needed for Tealeaf and Digital Anayltics to communicate to server
- TealeafMod folder – Contains jar and aar library that will collect Tealeaf data that passed to EOCore
- TeaCuts folder – Contains jar library that will help auto-instrument Tealeaf into an Android application
- TealeafInstaller folder – Contains the ruby rake installer for Android Studio projects. It will add the library to the Android application in seconds with base defaults.
- SampleCode folder – Contains several sample applications that demonstrate how to integrate and use the library. It can be found at https://github.com/ibm-watson-cxa.
- KillSwitch folder – Contains a basic kill switch implementation for JSP, ASP.Net, and PHP servers. It can be found at https://github.com/ibm-watson-cxa/SDK_Tools/tree/master/KillSwitch.
- TealeafTargetSimulator folder – Contains the tool used to convert sessions into images that are used for Native Replay. It can be found at https://github.com/ibm-watson-cxa/SDK_Tools/tree/master/TealeafTargetSimulator.
- Templates folder – Contains the latest native templates compatible with the library. It can be found at https://github.com/ibm-watson-cxa/SDK_Tools/tree/master/NativeTemplates.
- 2 to 3% more memory consumption
Note: If the server is unreachable, the SDK saves data to memory until the server is reachable. By default, the SDK will store up to 512,000 bytes to the device memory. If the cache grows larger than 512,000 bytes, the oldest data is truncated from cache and is deleted. The cache size is managed through the CachedFileMaxBytesSize setting in EOCoreAdvancedConfig.json,/samp>.
- Minimal effect on battery life
- Data that is captured when the framework initializes generally appears in one of the first hits of a session.
- Data that is captured at regular time intervals appears along with events. Multiple values can be submitted in a single hit where the number of events is low.
- Data that is captured by your application (location and carrier information) can appear at any time, independently or in hits with the other types of environmental data. Multiple values for a single hit can be submitted if your application makes multiple calls to the framework.
- Budgets for in-memory and local storage caches
- Network packet size
- The send level for the type of network available to the application
Note: Data is not posted to the server in the order that it was captured.
- Use the kill switch to control logging of the Android application
- Add IDs for all UI controls that you want to capture
- Apply privacy masking or blocking of all sensitive customer data through the Android SDK
- Due to the way JSON messages are captured and transmitted, force a submission of all queued messages before you allow users of your mobile native application to open a web view. If this step is not done, hits can appear to be out of order during replay in IBM Tealeaf.
- Getting started with Watson Customer Experience Analytics, Tealeaf SDK for Android
- Implementing the SDK for Android development in your application
- Quick start server configuration for Android
- Instrumenting a Cordova Android application
- Instrumenting an Ionic-2 Android application
- Capturing and uploading images for application replay with the Android Image Capture tool
- Using the Target Simulator for application replay with Android
Note: The Target Simulator is not expected to be used in most scenarios. It should only be used when the Android Image Capture Tool is unable to support your image replay experience. For example, to capture all MD5s.
- How to integrate Tealeaf in an Android application by using the Android Studio Plugin
- Simplify IBM CXA Android SDK Instrumentation via Plugin
- How do I implement conditional initialization with the UI Capture SDK?
- Tealeaf iOS SDK overview: IBM Watson Customer Experience Analytics SDK for iOS, standard and mobile editions
- Tutorials for the SDK Manager: Getting started with the SDK Manager for Windows, Getting started with the SDK Manager for MacOS X and Linux
- Tealeaf UIC SDK overview: Tealeaf UI Capture
- Digital Analytics Android SDK overview: The Digital Analytics SDK for Android
- Digital Analytics iOS SDK overview: The Digital Analytics SDK for iOS
Other folders you may find useful when using the Tealeaf Android SDK are found here: https://github.com/ibm-watson-cxa.
Impact on device resources
In benchmark tests, the Android SDK has the following effects on resources of the visitor’s device:
The framework automatically handles environmental data that is captured when the framework initializes, typically when your application starts, and at regular time intervals during execution. It also provides support for your application to report environmental data that needs special privacy attention or requires special frameworks.
Environmental data can be distributed among multiple hits.
Captured at initialization
These values are captured one time per launch of your application when the framework initializes.
Environment data is collected based on a timer. Environment data related to initialization can be, but is not always, submitted on the first hit of the session. As environment data is passed through the framework, it is prioritized based on its logging level. The order that it is posted to the server and even whether it is posted to the server depends on the following.
|pixelDensity||Value that is returned by [[UIScreen mainScreen] scale].|
|deviceWidth||Value that is returned by [[UIScreen mainScreen] bounds].size.width.|
|deviceHeight||Value that is returned by [[UIScreen mainScreen] bounds].size.height.|
|width||Value that is returned by pixelDensity*deviceWidth.|
|height||Value that is returned by pixelDensity*deviceHeight.|
|osVersion||Version of Android running on the device.|
|totalStorage||Total storage on the device, free+used.|
|totalMemory||Total memory of the device, free+used.|
|manufacturer||The manufacturer of the product/hardware.|
|userID||Unique user ID generated by the Android SDK for current instance of the application.|
|appVersion||Version of the Android application.|
|deviceModel||Type of device.|
|appName||Name of the current application.|
|orientationType||The orientation of the device (PORTRAIT, LANDSCAPE, FLAT, or UNKNOWN).|
|locale||Current locale (for example, en).|
|language||Current language (for example, English).|
|osType||The type of device used during capture.|
|tag||All the controls on which you would like to create events must have unique ids. For example, if there is a text field for Total of prices of all the items in the cart, and on server you want to create an event for Total > 300, you should to assign unique ids to the text filed control. This can be done by setting the tag property of the UIView.|
Captured during execution
These values are captured at a regular time interval you can set for each logging level with TimeBetweenSnapshots in TLFLevelsConfiguration.plist.
|freeMemory||The memory that is remaining.|
|freeStorage||The storage that is remaining.|
|battery||The value that is returned by ( [UIDevice currentDevice].batteryLevel ) * 100.|
|carrier||The current network carrier.|
|networkReachability||The network status (Unknown, NotReachable, ReachableViaWiFi, or ReachableViaWWAN).|
|ip||The IP address of the device.|
0 if [[UIDevice currentDevice] orientation] returns UIDeviceOrientationPortrait, UIDeviceOrientationFaceDown, or UIDeviceOrientationFaceUp.
90 if UIDeviceOrientationLandscapeRight.
180 if UIDeviceOrientationPortraitUpsideDown.
270 if UIDeviceOrientationLandscapeLeft.
Guidelines and tips
Apply the following tips to your application development and integration of the IBM Tealeaf Android SDK:
Tealeaf Android SDK Tutorials
Relevant recipes and other tutorials
Other related documentation for Watson Customer Experience Analytics, Tealeaf, and Digital Analytics